Rapid transit networks
(Metro) in India

Rapid transit or mass rapid transit (MRT), also known as metro, subway, tube, or underground system of railways, usually electric, that is used for local transit in a metropolitan area. A rapid transit line may run underground (subway), above street level (elevated transit line), or at street level. Rapid transit is distinguished from other forms of mass transit by its operation on exclusive right-of-way, with no access for other vehicles or for pedestrians.

- Britanica

Rapid transit network systems
around the world


As per UITP (Union Internationale des Transports Publics) report, at the end of 2017 there were metros in 56 countries spanning 7 continents. While Asia have the highest number of metros among the continents, the country with the most metro systems is China, with 39 operational.

World countries with metro system

As of 2017 a total of 182 cities had metros in the world.

The London Underground first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863 and its first electrified underground line opened in 1890, making it the world's oldest metro system. The Beijing Subway is the world's busiest and longest metro system, while the New York City Subway has the greatest number of stations.

World cities with metro system

Rapid transit network systems
in India


There are currently 13 operational rapid transit systems (commonly called 'metro') in 21 cities in India. As of August 2019, India has 678.52 kilometers (421.61 miles) of operational metro lines and 540 stations.

The first metro in India is the Kolkata Metro, which started operations in 1984. The Delhi Metro has the largest metro network in the entire country, connected to other nearby cities in the National Capital Region. The newest metro opened is Nagpur Metro on 8 March 2019.

Indian cities with metro system

Kolkata Metro


First metro in India

Only metro system in India fully owned & operated by Indian Railways

  • Year Started: 1984
  • Oerational System length (km): 33.02
  • No of Lines: 2
  • No of Stations: 30

Delhi Metro


India's largest metro system

Serves Delhi and its satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Noida, Bahadurgarh and Ballabhgarh, in the National Capital Region of India

  • Year Started: 2002
  • Oerational System length (km): 348
  • No of Lines: 8
  • No of Stations: 250

Bangalore Metro


The first to introduce Wi-Fi on-board trains

First metro in southern India

  • Year Started: 2011
  • Oerational System length (km): 42.3
  • No of Lines: 2
  • No of Stations: 41

Gurgaon Metro


India's first fully privately financed metro

A light rapid transit system, acts as a feeder link to the Delhi Metro

  • Year Started: 2013
  • Oerational System length (km): 11.7
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 12

Mumbai Metro


India's first public private partnership (PPP) metro system

  • Year Started: 2014
  • Oerational System length (km): 11.4
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 12

Jaipur Metro


The first metro in India to run on triple-storey elevated road and metro track

  • Year Started: 2015
  • Oerational System length (km): 12
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 9

Chennai Metro


Third largest system in India

First metro rail in the country to connect two lines (blue & green) through loop line to run direct service

  • Year Started: 2015
  • Oerational System length (km): 45.1
  • No of Lines: 32
  • No of Stations: 2

Kochi Metro


First Indian metro to go live with CBTC signalling

The first metro in the country which connects rail, road and water transport facilities

  • Year Started: 2017
  • Oerational System length (km): 25.6
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 22

Lucknow Metro


The fastest built and commissioned metro system in the world

  • Year Started: 2017
  • Oerational System length (km): 23.7
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 21

Hyderabad Metro


India's first system to have driver-less technology

The second longest operational metro network in India and the largest Public Private Partnership metro project in the world

  • Year Started: 2017
  • Oerational System length (km): 69
  • No of Lines: 3
  • No of Stations: 57

Noida Metro


Acts as a feeder link to the Delhi Metro

Connects the twin cities of Noida and Greater Noida

  • Year Started: 2019
  • Oerational System length (km): 29.7
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 22

Ahmedabad Metro


Smallest Metro System in India

Built by Gujarat Metro Rail Corporation (GMRC) Limited

  • Year Started: 2019
  • Oerational System length (km): 6.5
  • No of Lines: 1
  • No of Stations: 6

Nagpur Metro


The newest operational metro in India

  • Year Started: 2019
  • Oerational System length (km): 24
  • No of Lines: 2
  • No of Stations: 5